Shin splints is a catch-all term for different types of pain in the lower leg.
- A major factor for the posterior shin splints is overpronation. The tibialis posterior controls pronation and is excessively stretched during overpronation.
- Anterior shin splints may be caused by weakness in the anterior tibialis muscle and tightness in the calf muscles.
- Sudden changes in running surface, distance, speed may all contribute to the development of shin splints.
- Shin pain often occurs in track and cross-country runners due to the milage volume and running surfaces
- Pain typically at the start of activity and then decreasing as the muscles warm up. Pain typically reoccurs after the activity is done.
- Point tenderness along the affected muscles.
- Education on proper training techniques and when to switch shoes out ( anterior/lateral )
- If caused by excessive pronation, consider a stability or motion control shoe/insert ( posterior/medial )
- Icing, friction massage.
- Physical Therapist may suggest strengthening exercises.
- Compression socks and sleeves
- Foam Roller
- MuscleTrac, TheraWheel